Any written essay is, in essence, a coherent exposition of one’s own knowledge and thoughts on a task-specific topic. But, depending on the type of text by type of speech, emphasis is placed on one or another means of language. In particular, if we are talking about opinion essay, then the priority is not the retelling, not the presentation of information in a direct submission, but its analysis, in the process of which the author seeks not only to express his point of view on a certain subject, but also to substantiate it reasonably, and, if necessary, also convince the reader of his correctness.

From this definition it follows that any reasoning, written or oral, must have a basis, be based on the main idea, which is readily formulated and understandable to both the author and the reader of the text. And then this basic idea is viewed from different angles, commented on and illustrated by expressive examples and arguments. As a result, one (or several alternative to each other) conclusions are made, to which the author should bring the reader by flawlessly logical justifications. This consecutive chain of reinforcing each other and naturally developing thoughts and constitutes a significant part of the text-reasoning.

Writing the essay, you need to pay attention to:

text structure;

the amount of text;

sufficient examples and arguments;


registration of work.

The structure of the text, the type of which is stated as a reasoning, implies the presence and a clear sequence of arrangement of the constituent parts:

An introduction containing the thesis in the author’s interpretation. In this part it is important to demonstrate the pupil’s understanding of the main idea of the work on which the following reasoning will be built.

The main part, which is crucial for the whole work and shows how well a schoolboy is able to express his thoughts, while respecting the logic and reasoning of speech. Its content, in general, boils down to proving the thesis expressed in the introduction. But provided that at least two adequate arguments are given, each of which, in turn, is illustrated by a couple of examples from the given text. At the same time, note that even the most illustrative example will not be counted by the examiner if there is no indication of the argument in it.

A conclusion that logically completes the text and sums up everything that is said in it. It appreciates the ability of the student to generalize his own thoughts and their consequences, to come to a final solution to the problem.